Acronyms

AATSR
Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer
ABOM
Australian Bureau of Meteorology RDAC
AC
Advisory Council
ACDD
Unidata Attribute Conventions for Dataset Discovery
AD
Applicable Document
AHL
Atlantic High Latitude
AMSR
Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSR-E
Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System
AOD
Aerosol Optical Depth
APPW
Analysed Product Processing Window
ARC
ATSR Re-analysis for Climate
ARC-Lake
ATSR Reprocessing for Climate: Lake Surface Water Temperature & Ice Cover
ASIP
Air-Sea Interaction Profiler
ATBD
Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document
ATOVS
Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
ATSR
Along-Track Scanning Radiometer
AUS
Australian regional analysis area
AUS-TAG
Applications and User Services Technical Advisory Group
AVHRR
Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
BIPM
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures
BODC
British Oceanographic Data Centre
BT
Brightness Temperature
CAC
Central Assembly Center(s)
CAF
Central Application Facility (EUMETSAT)
CASSTA
Composite Arctic Surface Temperatures
CDL
network Common Data form Language
CDOP
Continuous Development and Operations Phase
CDR
Climate Data Record
CDR-TAG
Climate Data Records Technical Advisory Group
CEOS
Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
CEOS-SIT
CEOS Strategic Implementation Team
CF
Climate Forecast (convention of netCDF)
CICS
Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites
Clw
Cloud liquid water content
CMS
Centre de Météorologie Spatiale (F)
CNES
Centre National d\'Etudes Spatiales (F)
CNS
central nervous system
CNS
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (I)
COMS
Communications, Oceanography and Meteorology Satellite
CRED
Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
CSIRO
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CTD
Conductivity, Temperature, Depth (in situ ocean measurements)
CVS
Concurrent Versions System
DAP
Data Access Protocol
DAS-TAG
Data Assembly and Systems Technical Advisory Group
DB
Data Base
DBCP
Data Buoy Coordination Panel
DD
Description Document
DDS
Diagnostic Data Set
DM
Data Management
DMI
Danish Meteorological Institue
DODS
Distributed Oceanographic Data System
DPF
Data Processing Framework
DRN
Data Ready Notification
DTD
Document Type Definition
DUE
Data User Element
DV
Diurnal Variation
DVWG
Diurnal Variability Working Group
DWD
Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service)
EAR
Ecological Acoustic Recorder
EARS
EUMETSAT ATOVS Retransmission Service
EARWiG
Estimation and Retrievals Working Group
EB
Equivalent Buoy
ECMWF
European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting
ECSS
European Cooperation for Space Standardisation
ECV
Essential Climate Variable
EEZ
Exclusive Economic Zone
ENVISAT
Environmental Satellite
EO
Earth Observation
EOEP
Earth Observation Envelope Programme
EOP
Earth Observation Programme
EOSDIS
NASA Earth Observing System Data and Information System
EPS
EUMETSAT Polar System
ERNESST
European Research Network for Estimation from Space of Surface Temperature
ERRLOG
Operational Error Log
ERS
European Remote Sensing satellite
ESA
European Space Agency
ESACCI
European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative
ESL
Expert Support Laboratory
EUM
EUMETSAT
EUMETSAT
European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
EUR
European RDAC
fCDR
fundamental Climate Data Record
FNMOC
Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center
FOAM
Forecasting Ocean Assimilation Model
FP
Final Presentation
FR
Final Report
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
FY
Feng Yun satellites
G-POD
ESA Grid Processing on Demand
GAL
Area around the Galapagos Islands
GAMSSA
Global Australian High-Resolution SST Analysis
GCOM
Global Change Observation Mission
GCOM-W
Global Change Observation Mission � Water GHRSST
GCOS
Global Climate Observing System
GDAC
Global Data Assembly Cetre
GDIP
GHRSST development and implementation plan
GDS
GHRSST Data Specification
GDSV
Generic Data Structure Viewable
GEO
Group on Earth Observation
GEOSS
Global Earth Observation System of Systems
GHRSST
Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature
GHRSST
Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature
GHRSST-PO
International GHRSST Project Office
GHRSST-PP
Godae High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project
GI
Global integration
GLOB
Global coverage data sets
GMES
Global Monitoring for Environment and Security
GMPE
GHRSST-PP Multi Product Ensemble
GODAE
Global Ocean Data Assimilation Project
GOES
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GOMS
Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite
GOOS
Global Ocean Observing System
GOS
Gruppo di Oceanografia da Satellite
GPM
Global Precipitation Mission
GPO
GHRSST Project Office
GTS
Global Telecommunications System
HDF
Hierarchical Data Format
HI
Haiyang satellites
HIRLAM
High Resolution Limited Area Model
HL
High Latitude
HL-TAG
High Latitude Technical Advisory Group
HRDDS
High Resolution Diagnostic Data-Set
HRPT
High Resolution Picture Transmissions
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
IASI
IR Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
IC-TAG
Inter Comparison Technical Advisory Group
ICD
Interface Control Document
ICOADS
International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set
IFREMER
Institut Français de Recherche pour l\'Exploitation de la Mer
IMOS
Integrated Marine Observing System
IMPF
Image Processing Facility
IOC
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IOOS
Integrated Ocean Observing System
IPY
International Polar Year
iQuam
in situ SST Quality monitor
IR
Infrared
ISAR
Infrared Sea surface temperature Autonomous Radiometer
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
IST
Ice Surface Temperature
IWWG
Inland Waters Working Group
JAXA
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JCOMM
Joint Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
JMA
Japan Meteorological Agency
JPL
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JPSS
Joint Polar Satellite System
KML
Keyhole Markup Language
KO
Kick-Off
L2
Level 2 data products
L2P
Level 2 Pre-processed data products
L3
Level 3 data products
L3C
Level 3 collated data products
L3S
Level 3 super-collated product
L3U
Level 3 un-collated data products
L4
Level 4 data products
LAS
Live Access Server
LEO
Low Earth Orbiter
LML
Low and MidLatitude
Ln
Level n of data processing
LST
Local Sun Time
LSWT-WG
Lake Surface Water Temperature Working Group (new: IWWG)
LTSRF
Long Term Stewardship and Reanalysis Facility
M-AERI
Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
MDB
Match-up Database
MED
Mediterranean Sea area
METNO
Norwegian Meteorological Institute
MetOp
Meteorological Operational Satellite
MFC
Monitoring and Forecast Center
MGDSST
Merged satellite and in situ data Global Daily Surface Temperatures
MISST
Multi Instrument SST
MIZ
Marginal Ice Zone
MMR
Master Metadata Repository
MMS
Multi-sensor Match-up System
MODIS
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MSG
METEOSAT Second Generation
MTR
Mid-Term Review
MTSAT
Multi-functional Transport Satellite Imager
MW
MicroWave
MWRI
Microwave Radiation Imager μ-wave
MYO
MyOcean
MyOcean
EU-GMES project for Ocean Monitoring and forecasting
NAAPS
Navy Aerosol Analysis Prediction System
NAR
North Atlantic Region
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA-SST
The NASA Sea Surface Temperature Science Team
NAVO
Naval Oceanographic Office (US)
NAVOCEANO
Naval Oceanographic Office
NCDC
NOAA National Climatic Data Center
NCEO
National Centre for Earth Observation (UK)
NCEP
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (US)
NCOF
The National Centre for Ocean Forecasting
NEODAAS
NERC Observation Data Acquisition and Analysis Service
NERC
Natural Environment Research Council (UK)
NESDIS
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service
netCDF
Network Common Data Format
NGSST-O
New Generation SST for Open Ocean
NIR
Near InfraRed
NIRST
New IR Sensor Technology
NIST
National Institute of Standards and Technology
NLSST
Non-linear SST
NMHS
National Meteorological and Hydrographic Service
NMP
New Millennium Program
NOAA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOAAETL
NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory
NOC
National Oceanography Centre
NODC
NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center
NODCLAS
NODC Live Access Serve
NOP
Numerical Ocean Prediction
NOPP
National Oceanographic Partnership Program
NPL
National Physical Laboratory
NPOESS
National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NPP
National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project
NRL
Naval Research Laboratory
NRT
Near-Real-Time
NSEABALTIC
North Sea and Baltic Region
NSIDC
National Snow and Ice Data Center
NWCSAF
Nowcasting and Very Short Range Forecasting
NWE
North-West of Europe
NWP
Numerical Weather Prediction
OA
Objective Analysis
OceanSITES
A worldwide system of long-term, deepwater reference stations
OCG
JCOMM Observations Programme Area Coordination Group
ODYSSEA
Multi-Sensor Merged High-Resolution SST over Global Ocean at 0.1� Geographical Grid
OE
Optimal estimation
OGCM
Ocean General Circulation Model
OI
Optimal Interpolation
OM
Operation Manual
OMP
Office of Marine Prediction (JMA)
OPeNDAP
Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol
OSDPD
NOAA Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution
OSE
Observing System Experiments
OSISAF
EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Applications Facility
OSSE
Observing System Simulation Experiments
OSTIA
Operational SST and Sea Ice Analysis
PAR
Preliminary Analysis Report
PFV
PathFinder Version
PM
Progress Meeting
PMEL
Precision Measurement Equipment Laboratory
PNG
Portable Network Graphics
PO.DAAC
Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Centre
POES
Polar Operational Environmental Satellite
POET
The PO.DAAC Ocean ESIP Tool
PP
Pilot Project
PSBE
Potential Satellite Bias Error
PVP
Product Validation Plot
QA4EO
Quality Assurance for Earth Observation data
QC
Quality Control
QCed
Quality Controlled
QI
Quality Indicator
R&D
Research & Development
R/GTS
Regional/Global Task Sharing framework of GHRSST
R2HA2-WG
Rescue & Reprocessing of Historical AVHRR Archives Working Group
RAMSSA
Regional Australian Multi-sensor SST analysis
RAN
Re-analysis
RAN-TAG
Reanalysis Technical Advisory Group(now: CDR-TAG)
RB
Requirement Baseline
RD
Reference Document
RDAC
Regional Data Assembly Centres
REMSS
Remote Sensing Systems
REP
Report
RFI
Radio Frequency Interference
RMS
Root Mean Square
RSD
Relative Standard Deviation
RSMAS
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
RTC
Radiative Transfer Code
RTM
Radiative Transfer Model
RTTOV
Radiative Transfer for TOVS
S-3
GMES Sentinel-3
SAF
Satellite Applications Facility
SEVIRI
Spinnning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager
SGLI
Second generation Global Imager
SI
System International
SLSTR
Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer
SOOP
Ship-of-Opportunity Programme
SOT
JCOMM Ship Observing Team
SOTO
State of the Ocean
SoW
Statement of Work
SPURS
Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean Regional Study
SQUAM
SST Quality Monitor
SSES
Sensor Specific Error Statistics
SSI
Surface Solar Irradiance
SSM/I
Special Sensor Microwave Imager
SSS
Sea Surface Salinity
SST
Sea Surface Temperature
ST-VAL
Sea Surface Temperature Validation Working Group
STS
Surface Temperature and Salinity
TAC
Thematic Assembly Center
TAG
Technical Advisory Group
TB
Temperature Brightness
TBC
To Be Confirmed
TCHP
Tropical Cyclone Heat Potential
TDP
Technical Data Package
TDS
THREDDS Data Server
THREDDS
Thematic Realtime Environmental Distributed Data Services
TIR
Thermal Infrared
TIROS
Television Infrared Observation Satellites
TMI
TRMM Microwave Imager
TOA
Top Of Atmosphere
TOVS
TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
TRMM
Tropical Rainfall Mapping Mission
TWP
Tropical Warm Pool
TWP+
The GHRSST Tropical Warm Pool Diurnal Variability Project
U
surface wind speed at 10m height
UKMO
UK Met Office
UM
User Manual
UNESCO
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNOLS
University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System
UPA
United Kingdom Multi-Mission Processing and Archiving Facility
URD
User Requirement Document
URL
Universal Resource Locator
US
United States
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time
VC
Virtual Constellation
VIIRS
Visible/IR Imager Radiometer Suite
VNIR
Visible Near InfraRed
WCRP
World Climate Research Program
WCS
Web Coverage Service
WG
Working Group
WHOI
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
WindSat
WindSat is a satellite-based polarimetric microwave radiometer
WMO
World Meterological Organisation
WMS
Web Mapping Service
WPN
White paper on Sea Surface Temperature Error Budget from the NASA Interim Sea Surface Temperature Science Team
WWW
WMO World Weather Watch
XML
Extensible Mark-up Language